October 17, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund is pleased to endorse Michael Bartolotti for Putnam County Clerk. Our endorsement is based upon his actions as First Deputy County Clerk to protect the privacy of pistol license holders from a certain disreputable media outlet which was seeking their personal information in order to advance the publisher's political ideology.
NYSRPA encourages everyone to support Michael Bartolotti on election day.
October 14, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund is pleased to endorse Robert Ortt for State Senate in the 62nd District. Our endorsement is based upon his positive responses to our candidate questionnaire and his staunch opposition to the so-called SAFE Act.
"We have a lot of constituents in the 62nd District and one of their top concerns is more gun control schemes coming out of Albany. It is important for them to be represented in the state legislature by someone who respects their 2nd Amendment civil rights," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "I believe Robert Ortt is the best choice for gun owners in the race and encourage all concerned citizens to support his candidacy on election day."
October 6, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund is pleased to endorse Tom Croci for State Senate in the 3rd District. Our endorsement is based upon his candidate questionnaire and opposition to the so-called SAFE Act.
In making the announcement NYSRPA President Thomas King said, "Tom Croci has made an effort to reach out to area gun owners and understand their issues while his opponent did not even bother to return our candidate questionnaire. In light of this, it is not that difficult to figure out which candidate is more likely to respect our civil rights and which one is not."
NYSRPA encourages all concerned citizens to support Tom Croci on election day.
September 30, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Peter Lawrence for State Assembly in the 134th District. Our endorsement is based upon his candidate questionnaire and respect for gun rights.
"Gun owners have a very clear choice in the 134th Assembly District," NYSRPA President Tom King said. "On the one hand is Peter Lawrence, who supports 2nd Amendment civil rights. On the other is an opponent who proudly holds them in contempt. It's a no-brainer as to which candidate people should vote for."
NYSRPA encourages all concerned citizens to support Lawrence's campaign for Assembly on election day.
September 24, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Joseph Stanzione for Greene County District Attorney.
Our endorsement is based upon his public opposition to the SAFE Act and respect for Second Amendment civil rights.
When making the endorsement NYSRPA President Tom King stated, "Stanzione has decades of trail court experience. He understands that gun control and the so-called SAFE Act has absolutely nothing to do with public safety. We need to elect people like that to all levels of government."
NYSRPA encourages gun owners to support Stanzione's campaign on November 4.
September 22, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Russell Payne for Chautauqua County Sheriff.
A fellow NYSRPA member, our endorsement is based upon his public opposition to the SAFE Act and commitment to protect Second Amendment civil rights.
"Russell Payne understands that there is nothing good in the so-called SAFE Act and believes it should be repealed," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "That makes him the clear choice for gun owners this November."
NYSRPA encourages everyone to support Payne's campaign for sheriff.
September 16, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Karl Brabenec for State Assembly in the 98th District. Our endorsement is based upon his candidate questionnaire and his public opposition to the so-called SAFE Act.
"The number one thing our constituents want to know about candidates is what is their position on the SAFE Act," NYSRPA President Tom King said. "As Town of Deerpark Supervisor, Brabenec helped pass one of the first resolutions in opposition to the law. Scores of other municipalities across the state have since followed suit."
NYSRPA encourages all area gun owners to support Brabenec on election day.
September 2, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund bestows a grade of "F" upon Democrat Lt. Governor candidate Kathy Hochul. NYSRPA has decided to make a special exception for Hochul to our long standing policy of how incumbents are rated.
"We usually grade incumbents based upon their actions in office," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "Using that criteria, Hochul would have earned an "A"."
It is common for political candidates to say whatever they think is necessary to get elected, but it is unclear to NYSRPA why Hochul feels the need to hide her record.
"There's a reason not a single candidate in New York is sucking up to the gun prohibitionist groups," said King. "They're nothing but astroturf. They have never been able to turn out voters on their issue. Nevertheless, if it makes her happy, we'll give Hochul an "F" rating and tell everyone to support Tim Wu instead."
August 27, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Kevin Stocker for State Senate in the 60th District. Our endorsement is based upon his positive responses to our candidate questionnaire and his public opposition to the so-called SAFE Act.
"There are a lot of gun owners in the 60th District and it is important for them to be represented in Albany by someone who respects their Second Amendment civil rights," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "As a fellow NRA member, we believe Kevin Stocker is the strongest choice for gun owners in the race."
NYSRPA encourages all concerned citizens to vote for Stocker in the September 9 Republican primary election.
August 25, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association will hold their 8th Annual Sporting Clays Fundraiser Shoot at 10:00am Saturday September 27, 2014 at the Wallkill Rod & Gun Club. Proceeds benefit the NYSRPA Political Victory Fund and will help support candidates for public office who will defend and protect Second Amendment civil rights.
The event features 100 birds sporting clays, Lewis Class awards and lunch. The cost is $100 per shooter if registered by September 19, $125 per shooter thereafter.
For more information about the event contact Jacob Rieper at 845-417-4515.
August 18, 2014 (readMedia) -- ALBANY, NY (07/14/2014)(readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund is pleased to endorse Bob Castelli for State Senate in the 40th District. He is a Life Member of NYSRPA, NRA and Westchester County Firearm Owners Association. He is also a certified firearms instructor and has been a competitive shooter at the world and national level.
"Bob has a proven record as a State Assemblyman of defending the Constitution and our 2nd Amendment civil rights," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "I am proud to give him our endorsement and I strongly encourage everyone to come out and support his candidacy in the September 9 primary election."
August 6, 2014 (readMedia) -- ALBANY, NY (07/14/2014)(readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association will hold a fundraiser event on Sunday September 14, 2014, 8:00am at the North Forest Rod & Gun Club in Lockport. The event will feature a day of both sporting clays and skeet shooting with proceeds going to the NYSRPA Political Victory Fund to support candidates for public office who will defend and protect Second Amendment civil rights.
The admission fees are $20 per person for 50 birds sporting clays and $15 per person for 50 birds skeet.
For more information about the event contact Erin or Robert Nagel at 716-439-6822.
July 30, 2014 (readMedia) -- ALBANY, NY (07/14/2014)(readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses John Bocciolatt for Jefferson County Sheriff.
A fellow NRA member, our endorsement is based upon his public opposition to the so-called SAFE Act and commitment to protect Second Amendment civil rights. We encourage all area gun owners to support Bocciolatt on election day.
July 15, 2014 (readMedia) -- ALBANY, NY (07/14/2014)(readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association will hold a fundraiser event on Saturday August 16, 2014, 9:00am at the Beretta Shooting Grounds at Dover Furnace in Dover Plains. The event will feature a day of sporting clays shooting, networking, games and raffles with breakfast and lunch included. Proceeds from the shoot will go to offset legal costs associated with the NYSRPA lawsuit against the so-called S.A.F.E Act.
Cost is $200 per person if pre-registered by August 8, $225 per person thereafter. Gun rentals and ammunition purchases will be available at an additional cost. Various sponsorships are also available.
July 14, 2014 (readMedia) -- ALBANY, NY (07/14/2014)(readMedia)-- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Joel Abelove for Rensselaer County District Attorney. Our endorsement is based upon his strong personal belief in, and commitment to protect, Second Amendment civil rights.
"I have known Joel for a long time and encourage all 2nd Amendment supporters to help make him our next District Attorney," NYSRPA President Tom King said.
July 7, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is pleased to announce that "To/From Range" restrictions are no longer being placed upon pistol licenses issued by Nassau County. Representatives from NYSRPA had discussed this issue with County Executive Ed Mangano's office.
"We are happy that this limitation has been removed," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "It served no legitimate purpose."
June 26, 2014 (readMedia) -- Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown's proclamation calling June 25, "Gun Violence Awareness Day", shows how intellectually bankrupt the gun control movement is. Instead of offering solutions, they hold touchy-feely press conferences full of buzzwords but devoid of substance. If the Mayor and City Council are concerned about violence in the city then they ought to focus on the people actually committing such acts.
"Here's a radical idea for Mayor Brown: Hold violent, anti-social people accountable for their actions," NYSRPA President Tom King said. "Don't pretend that having 'community and political engagement events, and entertainment activities' is going to accomplish anything. That is nothing more than bread and circuses."
"Most importantly stop pretending that gun control is anything but citizen disarmament. Denying ordinary people the best and most effective means of personal protection does nothing but empower criminals and encourage their violent behavior," King concluded.
June 16, 2014 (readMedia) -- The Federated Sportsmen's Clubs of Ulster County (FSCUC) presented a check for $3000 to the New York State Rifle & Pistol Association at their annual members meeting held this past Saturday June 14 at the Wallkill Rod & Gun Club.
The money will go to offset legal costs for NYSRPA's lawsuit against the so-called SAFE Act. FSCUC raised the money by selling signs calling for repeal of the SAFE Act.
"I am extremely grateful for their efforts," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "With the support of ordinary people and groups like FSCUC, we will prevail with our legal action."
June 9, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is opposed to mandatory firearms microstamping legislation, bills A-3244A/S-68A. Despite the complete lack of genuine public interest in this issue, members of the state legislature feel the need to once again bring it up.
Even though the technology's patent holder admitted the process does not work, and the firearms industry says they cannot make it work, members of the state legislature keep pushing for these bills, continuing their quest much in the same way as Don Quixote.
"Only in New York does the legislature think they can make something work simply by drafting a bill which says it does work," said NYSRPA President Tom King.
Adding to this absurdity, in back in April WAMC reported that researchers at the University at Albany are developing a method for crime scene investigators to detect and recover gunshot residue from a crime scene or suspect. Their residue processing method creates a molecular "fingerprint" which, unlike microstamping, requires no legislation and does not affect gun dealers and manufacturers. The UAlbany chemists' research is being supported by the New York State Police.
"Given that UAlbany is right down the road from Capitol, perhaps it would be worthwhile for legislative leaders to invite the chemists down to the LOB to educate the legislature on their research. Who knows? They might learn something," King concluded.
June 5, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund endorses Sue Serino for State Senate in the 41st District. Our endorsement is based upon her willingness to co-sponsor a resolution in the Dutchess County Legislature calling for repeal of the so-called SAFE Act.
By contrast, her opponent incumbent Senator Terry Gipson voted in favor of the SAFE Act. Given the bill was dropped on the legislature in the middle of the night and immediately voted on there is no possible way Senator Gipson could have read, much less received public input on, the proposal before voting for it. This leads us to the inescapable conclusion that Gipson simply does not care what his constituents think and has no real desire to represent their best interests in Albany.
NYSRPA believes the public deserves better than this and encourages all concerned citizens to support Sue Serino on election day.
June 4, 2014 (readMedia) -- Statement from Thomas King, President, NYS Rifle and Pistol Association:
"I got a good chuckle reading Democratic political candidate Brian Howard's recent spin about the unconstitutional SAFE Act. Howard's comments were disingenuous, hypocritical and, frankly, demonstrated a shocking ignorance of an issue that is critical to millions of New York gun owners. Howard is using an old Albany political trick to try and have it both ways on the issue of guns. It won't work. Voters know -- and I will remind them at every opportunity -- that the very same people who supported the SAFE Act are the ones who would be paying the bills for Brian Howard's political campaign. That is a fact. He can try and spin as much as he wants, but it's crystal clear that Brian Howard is no friend of the Second Amendment. In fact, he's a 'GINO' -- 'Guns In Name Only'. The unconstitutional SAFE Act is the worst law to come out of Albany in a long time and it must be overturned. In fact, since the unconstitutional SAFE Act was enacted, our membership has more than doubled. Senator Kathy Marchione has stood strong, spoken out, and led the fight against the unconstitutional SAFE Act -- and she's done so from day one. Gun owners, sportsmen, hunters and Second Amendment advocates know they can count on Kathy to keep fighting for the Second Amendment. The New York State Rife and Pistol Association and our more than 44,000 members will be 100 percent behind Senator Marchione's proudly backing her re-election."
May 13, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association will hold it 2014 Annual Members Meeting on Saturday, June 14, 2014 from 10:00am to 6:00pm at the Wallkill Rod & Gun Club in Wallkill, N.Y. The event is open to the public.
There will be a chicken bake dinner, displays from local vendors and sportsmens organizations, a fundrasier shoot, and 5 Stand Sporting Clays range available.
Special guest speakers include NRA President Jim Porter and gubernatoriual candidate Westchester County Executive Rob Astorino.
Tickets for the chicken bake cost $15/person and must be purchased in advance by May 28. Send a check/MO payable to NYSRPA along with a self-addressed stamped envelope to NYSRPA, 90 S. Swan Street, #395, Albany, N.Y. 12210.
Vendors interested in having a display table should contact Ray Carney at 845-797-1158.
Candidates for public office are welcome and should contact Jacob Rieper at 845-417-4515.
May 6, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association would like to address statements made in a May 6 New York Post article which claimed some Republican lawmakers did not know they voted to spend millions of dollars to fund the so-called SAFE Act in the state budget.
"The Assembly openly debated SAFE Act funding on the chamber floor in public session, " said NYSRPA President Tom King. "Everybody knew the money was there."
Proof of this can be found in the April 11 edition of the Adirondack Daily Enterprise:
"Assemblyman Dan Stec is warning against a provision in the state budget which would fund a state database for gun records, required by last year's Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement Act. Stec, a Republican from Queensbury, objects to a $3.2 million allocation in the budget to implement the database. That line item falls within a provision that gives state police $88.9 million for technical police service programs. The state gave $27.7 million for a SAFE Act database last year, according to news reports ..."
"There is a reason the Senator quoted by the Post wants to remain anonymous," King added. "Their statement is an easily provable falsehood. This is classic Albany politics: Tell their constituents one thing and do the exact opposite in the legislature and hope nobody notices the difference."
May 5, 2014 (readMedia) -- The Ilion Fish & Game Club will hold a sporting clays fundraiser shoot on June 7, 2014 with proceeds going to the New York State Rifle & Pistol Association's Political Victory Fund. The purpose of the NYSRPA-PVF is to raise monies to help support candidates for public office who will defend and protect 2nd Amendment civil rights.
The $75 per person early registration fee includes 100 birds sporting clays, chicken BBQ lunch and awards. Registration after May 25 or at the door is $85 per person. Shooters can register online at www.ilionfishandgameclub.com.
For more information about the event contact David Cruger at 315-725-2436.
May 1, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is pleased to announce it is the 2013 recipient of the Niagara County Federation of Conservation Clubs' Leroy Winn Memorial Award which is given annually to clubs and associations for outstanding service to conservation, the shooting sports and the community.
"On behalf of NYSRPA I would like to thank the Niagara Co. Federation for this award," said President Tom King. "It is an honor for the Association to be recognized for our work to preserve and protect Second Amendment civil rights in New York."
April 8, 2014 (readMedia) -- New York State Rifle and Pistol Association President Thomas King announced today that all bills calling for the repeal of the so-called NY SAFE Act, including Assembly Bill 6094 co-sponsored by Minority Leader Brian Kolb, were effectively killed in the downstate Democrat-dominated Codes Committee and therefore will not be brought to the Assembly Floor for a vote.
"This was entirely expected," said King. "The sad reality is that one political party and one viewpoint dominates the Assembly: the anti-Second Amendment voice of the downstate Democrat majority. Upstate New Yorkers who oppose the NY SAFE Act ought to feel disenfranchised. This law is deeply flawed, and was passed in the middle of the night without input from law-enforcement, mental health professionals, or the public at large."
Citing the ongoing NYSRPA litigation against the NY SAFE Act, King stressed the need to remain focused and support efforts to overturn the law in the courts. "Thus far, NYSRPA has spent over $500,000 in litigation. The final cost could be well over $1 million to take the appeal all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. We won a victory in the Western NY Federal District Court where the 7-round magazine limit was deemed unconstitutional. Verbiage in the ruling indicates the strong possibility of overturning several onerous stipulations of the law by the Supreme Court, but it will be a long and costly fight."
King also called on his membership to become politically engaged. "We need to register voters. Legislators, particularly in upstate New York, who voted for the NY SAFE Act must be held accountable. There ought to be voter registration forms in every gun club and gun shop. There is no excuse for not voting this November if you are a concerned gun owner. We have to topple the hegemony of the anti-constitutionalists, enough is enough."
April 7, 2014 (readMedia) -- The Dutchess County Pistol Association will hold a fundraiser shoot on May 3, 2014, with proceeds going to the New York State Rifle & Pistol Association's Legal Defense Fund. To date NYSRPA has spent over $500,000 in legal fees associated with the lawsuit against the so-called SAFE Act.
The $45 per person cost includes dinner, supervised range time and commemorative targets. Firearms instructors will be available for new shooters.
For more information contact Jackie Emslie at 914-475-4901.
March 26, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is pleased to announce that the Revised New York State Police NY SAFE Act Guide instructs its members not to enforce the 7-round magazine limit originally imposed by the hastily enacted measure.
"This is a direct result of the December 31, 2013 ruling in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York on litigation filed by NYSRPA," said NYSRPA President Thomas King. The court ruled that the unlawful possession of certain ammunition feeding devices (fully loaded 10-round magazines) was unconstitutional.
"The New York State Police have followed the same sensible path taken by the New York Sheriffs' Association and many local law-enforcement agencies in not enforcing a capricious, ill-conceived and unconstitutional portion of the NY SAFE Act," stated King. "To date, NYSRPA has spent over $500,000 in litigation and we are prepared to fight the NY SAFE Act all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court where we are confident that many provisions of the law will ultimately be overturned."
Citing the secretive and hurried process in which the NY SAFE Act became law, King said, "Lawmakers, mental health professionals, and New York's gun owners were essentially ignored in the rush to enact this law. As a result, careful judicial scrutiny is uncovering some of the law's flaws and unenforceability. New York's legal gun owners are among the most law-abiding citizens of this state and ultimately their civil rights will be upheld."
March 18, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Political Victory Fund and Westchester County Firearm Owners Association endorse Rob Astorino for Governor.
"Andrew Cuomo has demonstrated complete contempt for our civil rights," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "He exploited the mentally ill and disabled for cheap political gain with his so-called SAFE Act. He absolutely refuses to acknowledge firearms for self-defense and feels it is more important to reward rapists, thieves and murderers with a taxpayer-funded college education than it is to ensure ordinary citizens have the most effective means to protect themselves from those very same violent people."
WCFOA President Scott Sommavilla added, "Through our voter education efforts were we were able to elect Astorino twice as County Executive. He understands our issues and we believe gun owners will be able to work with him in Albany when he is elected Governor."
The NYSRPA and WCFOA encourage everybody to support Rob Astorino's gubernatorial campaign.
February 25, 2014 (readMedia) -- This Wednesday the Dutchess County Republican Committee will nominate a candidate for the 41st Senate District. The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association encourages delegates to take into consideration each candidates position on the 2nd Amendment when casting their ballots.
Of the three declared candidates, only Rob Rolison has a voting record backing up his public statements in support of civil rights. In March 2013 he sponsored a resolution in the county legislature calling for repeal of the so-called SAFE Act.
On the flip side of the coin, only John Tkazyik has a public record hostile towards civil rights. In September 2009 he joined Michael Bloomberg's gun control group Mayors Against Illegal Guns and let his name be used in all sorts of legislative and political initiatives at the state and federal level. His recent op-ed in the Poughkeepsie Journal claiming ignorance of MAIG's goals was so totally not believable it insulted the intelligence of Journal readers.
February 24, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is pleased to announce its sponsorship of the 2nd Annual Women's Concealed Carry Fashion Show to be held on Saturday, March 29 at Birch Hill Catering in Schodack.
The program includes dinner, door prizes, fashion show and guest speakers. Vendors will display concealed carry clothing, holsters, firearms accessories, jewelry and more.
Special guests include Gabby Franco, two time Top Shot contestant and Olympic Pistol shooter, and Carrie Lightfoot, founder of The Well Armed Woman.
February 12, 2014 (readMedia) -- The recent crime wave in Queens is more proof that recently enacted gun control laws do not make society safer. The Astoria Post reports a jump in the number of burglaries, felony assaults and robberies reported over the past month, coinciding with the one-year anniversary of the so-called SAFE Act.
"This is more proof that citizen disarmament laws like the SAFE Act do not do what advocates say they do," said NYSRPA President Tom King. "All that has been accomplished is the creation of an environment where ordinary, decent citizens can be victimized by violent thugs with little fear of encountering effective resistance."
February 11, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is pleased to announce that it is partnering with the Sullivan County Chamber of Commerce, The Sullivan County Visitors Association, Friends with Firearms and SUNY Sullivan to host a Sports Expo at SUNY Sullivan on Saturday, March 22, 2014 from 8:00am to 8:00pm.
On display will be vendors for all forms of outdoor recreation including shooting, hunting and fishing. There will be youth oriented booths and exotic animal displays for the entire family to enjoy. Food will be available and various raffles and demonstrations will take place throughout the day. Local elected officials will be on hand to discuss the SAFE Act and other issues.
In addition, NYSRPA will be conducting a voter education and registration drive. Attendees can stop by the registration booth to register to vote and obtain additional voter registration forms.
February 3, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association is pleased to announce that it is now the largest State Affiliate of the National Rifle Association. Membership growth over the past year has pushed NYSRPA into the top spot over the Texas State Rifle Association and California Rifle & Pistol Association.
State Affiliates serve a critical role as the state-level delivery system for NRA programs. The NRA depends on State Affiliates to promote these programs within their states and motivate NRA-affiliated clubs and grassroots volunteers to activate these programs in their local communities.
After confirming membership status with the NRA, NYSRPA President Tom King had this to say: "This just goes to show how much mainstream support 2nd Amendment civil rights have in New York State."
NYSRPA membership is made up of individuals, families, businesses and organizational affiliates all across the state.
January 23, 2014 (readMedia) -- The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association has announced that Association President Thomas King will be guest speaker at the 47th Annual Conservative Party Political Action Conference (CPPAC) in Albany.
King, who is also a member of the National Rifle Association Board of Directors, will discuss the SAFE Act and the state of current litigation against it as well as other topics pertaining to Second Amendment civil rights at the state and national level.
January 10, 2014 (readMedia) -- Rochester Mayor Lovely Warren's decision to surround herself with an armed security detail 24/7 demonstrates the fraudulent nature of the citizen disarmament movement.
As a long time supporter of gun control dating back to her time in the Rochester City Council, last year she spoke out in favor of New York's so-called SAFE Act stating:
"The New York SAFE Act brings a sense of comfort to many families across this state. Those families, like mine, have said not here, not anymore."
If Mayor Warren really believes this, then there is no legitimate reason for her to have armed security because the SAFE Act makes her becoming a victim of violent crime impossible.
The New York State Rifle & Pistol Association calls upon Mayor Warren to dismiss her security and live with the same sense of comfort she advocated for city residents.